sabato 13 settembre 2008

Disconnecting distractions


Probabilmente mi sarebbe piu’ semplice mettere il link a questo post che sto per scopiazzare, ma siccome faccio esattamente quel che Paul Graham suggerisce (e ci sono arrivata prima di leggerlo), considero almeno l’idea, dietro a questo suo contributo, parzialmente mia…

I procrastinatori si nutrono di distrazioni. Molte persone non riescono a stare sedute senza far niente ed evitano di lavorare dedicandosi ad altre attività. Per sconfiggere la procrastinazione, quindi, bisogna eliminare le distrazioni.

Non è semplice, perché le distrazioni non sono dei semplici ostacoli che trovi per strada e che puoi evitare: vengono loro a cercarti, e sempre nel momento sbagliato.

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Inoltre la tecnologia evolve in continuazione, producendo cose sempre più desiderabili. Appena impariamo a evitare una distrazione ne arriva subito un'altra, un po' come i batteri che resistono ai farmaci.

La televisione, per esempio, è diventata una specie di droga. Ho smesso di guardarla a tredici anni, quando ho capito che causava assuefazione.

Ultimamente, però, ho letto che in media ogni americano guarda la tv quattro ore al giorno, cioè un quarto della sua vita. Oggi la tv è in crisi perché abbiamo scoperto nuovi modi per perdere tempo. E il pericolo è che sono nei nostri computer.

Un tempo il computer era un semplice strumento di lavoro. Ricordo che ogni tanto mi collegavo a un server per scaricare la posta, ma ero quasi sempre scollegato e avevo tutto il tempo per scrivere e programmare. Ora, invece, è come se qualcuno avesse piazzato di nascosto un televisore sulla mia scrivania.

A un clic di distanza ci sono distrazioni di ogni tipo: mi viene un dubbio mentre sto lavorando? "Mm... diamo un'occhiata in rete", mi dico. Ho passato anni a evitare con cautela ogni passatempo inutile, eppure oggi mi ritrovo vittima delle distrazioni: non mi ero reso conto di quanto si fossero evolute.

Cambiare strategia
C'erano giorni in cui mi svegliavo, preparavo una tazza di tè, leggevo le notizie, poi controllavo la posta, davo un'altra occhiata alle notizie, rispondevo a qualche email e di colpo mi accorgevo che era ora di pranzo.

E non avevo ancora fatto nulla. C'ho messo un po' per capire la natura del problema, perché era intermittente e io lo ignoravo come si ignora un messaggio di errore che appare sullo schermo solo ogni tanto. Inoltre la società non lo aveva ancora etichettato come pericolo.

Se avessi passato un'intera mattinata seduto sul divano a guardare la tv, me ne sarei accorto immediatamente: quello è un tipico segnale di pericolo, un po' come bere da soli. Ma su internet avevo l'impressione di lavorare. Alla fine ho capito che dovevo cambiare strategia, e così ho aggiunto un'altra cosa alla lista dei passatempi pericolosi: Firefox.

Ho cominciato a impormi delle regole: per esempio, cercavo di collegarmi solo due volte al giorno. Ma era praticamente impossibile e gradualmente tornavo alle mie vecchie abitudini. Le dipendenze vanno trattate come fossero avversari: se gli lasci un varco aperto, loro lo troveranno. Quindi bisogna impostare dei segnali d'allarme.

Forse in futuro il modo più efficace per ostacolare le distrazioni su internet sarà un software che le tiene sotto controllo. Nel frattempo ho escogitato una soluzione drastica, che funziona perfettamente: mi collego a internet con un altro computer.

Ho disattivato il wireless dal mio computer principale, e lo uso solo per trasferire file o modificare le pagine web. Per controllare la posta e usare internet, invece, ho un altro portatile in un angolo della stanza.

La regola è che posso stare in rete tutto il tempo che voglio, a condizione di farlo su quel computer. Se devo attraversare la stanza per controllare la posta divento molto più consapevole, e in più il mio computer principale è dedicato solo al lavoro.

Fatelo anche voi, e capirete quant'è strana la sensazione di usare un computer scollegato dalla rete. Io ho provato un inquietante senso di straniamento, perché all'improvviso ho capito quanto tempo avevo sprecato in passato.

Questa è la buona notizia: le cattive abitudini del passato ti aiutano a lavorare. Sei già abituato a stare seduto davanti al monitor per ore intere. Adesso, però, non puoi né navigare né leggere la posta. Che fare? Non puoi mica startene lì impalato. Così ti metti a lavorare.



Probably I could simply put the link to this post I am about to copy and paste…but since I do the same thing that Paul Graham suggests (and I got there before reading this), I feel that at least the idea behind it belongs a bit to me…

Procrastination feeds on distractions. Most people find it uncomfortable just to sit and do nothing; you avoid work by doing something else.

So one way to beat procrastination is to starve it of distractions. But that's not as straightforward as it sounds, because there are people working hard to distract you. Distraction is not a static obstacle that you avoid like you might avoid a rock in the road. Distraction seeks you out.


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Chesterfield described dirt as matter out of place. Distracting is, similarly, desirable at the wrong time. And technology is continually being refined to produce more and more desirable things. Which means that as we learn to avoid one class of distractions, new ones constantly appear, like drug-resistant bacteria.

Television, for example, has after 50 years of refinement reached the point where it's like visual crack. I realized when I was 13 that TV was addictive, so I stopped watching it. But I read recently that the average American watches 4 hours of TV a day. A quarter of their life.

TV is in decline now, but only because people have found even more addictive ways of wasting time. And what's especially dangerous is that many happen at your computer. This is no accident. An ever larger percentage of office workers sit in front of computers connected to the Internet, and distractions always evolve toward the procrastinators.

I remember when computers were, for me at least, exclusively for work. I might occasionally dial up a server to get mail or ftp files, but most of the time I was offline. All I could do was write and program. Now I feel as if someone snuck a television onto my desk. Terribly addictive things are just a click away. Run into an obstacle in what you're working on? Hmm, I wonder what's new online. Better check.

After years of carefully avoiding classic time sinks like TV, games, and Usenet, I still managed to fall prey to distraction, because I didn't realize that it evolves. Something that used to be safe, using the Internet, gradually became more and more dangerous. Some days I'd wake up, get a cup of tea and check the news, then check email, then check the news again, then answer a few emails, then suddenly notice it was almost lunchtime and I hadn't gotten any real work done. And this started to happen more and more often.

It took me surprisingly long to realize how distracting the Internet had become, because the problem was intermittent. I ignored it the way you let yourself ignore a bug that only appears intermittently. When I was in the middle of a project, distractions weren't really a problem. It was when I'd finished one project and was deciding what to do next that they always bit me.

Another reason it was hard to notice the danger of this new type of distraction was that social customs hadn't yet caught up with it. If I'd spent a whole morning sitting on a sofa watching TV, I'd have noticed very quickly. That's a known danger sign, like drinking alone. But using the Internet still looked and felt a lot like work.

Eventually, though, it became clear that the Internet had become so much more distracting that I had to start treating it differently. Basically, I had to add a new application to my list of known time sinks: Firefox.

The problem is a hard one to solve because most people still need the Internet for some things. If you drink too much, you can solve that problem by stopping entirely. But you can't solve the problem of overeating by stopping eating. I couldn't simply avoid the Internet entirely, as I'd done with previous time sinks.

At first I tried rules. For example, I'd tell myself I was only going to use the Internet twice a day. But these schemes never worked for long. Eventually something would come up that required me to use it more than that. And then I'd gradually slip back into my old ways.

Addictive things have to be treated as if they were sentient adversaries—as if there were a little man in your head always cooking up the most plausible arguments for doing whatever you're trying to stop doing. If you leave a path to it, he'll find it.

The key seems to be visibility. The biggest ingredient in most bad habits is denial. So you have to make it so that you can't merely slip into doing the thing you're trying to avoid. It has to set off alarms.

Maybe in the long term the right answer for dealing with Internet distractions will be software that watches and controls them. But in the meantime I've found a more drastic solution that definitely works: to set up a separate computer for using the Internet.

I now leave wifi turned off on my main computer except when I need to transfer a file or edit a web page, and I have a separate laptop on the other side of the room that I use to check mail or browse the web. (Irony of ironies, it's the computer Steve Huffman wrote Reddit on. When Steve and Alexis auctioned off their old laptops for charity, I bought them for the Y Combinator museum.)

My rule is that I can spend as much time online as I want, as long as I do it on that computer. And this turns out to be enough. When I have to sit on the other side of the room to check email or browse the web, I become much more aware of it. Sufficiently aware, in my case at least, that it's hard to spend more than about an hour a day online.

And my main computer is now freed for work. If you try this trick, you'll probably be struck by how different it feels when your computer is disconnected from the Internet. It was alarming to me how foreign it felt to sit in front of a computer that could only be used for work, because that showed how much time I must have been wasting.

Wow. All I can do at this computer is work. Ok, I better work then.

That's the good part. Your old bad habits now help you to work. You're used to sitting in front of that computer for hours at a time. But you can't browse the web or check email now. What are you going to do? You can't just sit there. So you start working.

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6 commenti:

Tulipgirl ha detto...

Only the content of the I.V. is somewhat different in the picture but other than that I think we produced very very similar posts!

Unfortunately I actually NEED the internet for my work a fair bit so disconnecting it is not feasible. I do, however, try to hide my online status in chat programmes during work hours. Not that it always works... :-)

manu ha detto...

in my case disconnecting is the best solution...but then, if I am at home, I start cleaning, washing, tidying, taking care of plants, make those very useful crochet flowers, or thise essential baby booties for new-borns...I wish I could disconnect my procrastination: do you think there is a switch, hidden somewhere?!

maritobalosso ha detto...

A software to disconnect? Been there, done that:
http://www.ibalossi.it/cgi-bin/scrapbook.cgi/2008/02/07#wasteoftime

manu ha detto...

Mr HTML...I think my brain is not mac...otherwise I would have tried on myself!
for now, I'll stick to using two computers: one connected to the net, and the other one not...

Neli ha detto...

bella trovata, ma in ufficio come si fa?????

manu ha detto...

Neli...puoi chiedere gentilmente a Mr HTML di scriverti un programmino per windows...oppure usa un timer del laboratorio e metti un limite al tempo passato su internet ;-)